This article by Ross McKitrick looks at the way official Global Temperature Record Keepers adjusted for the loss of over half of official measurement stations in 1990.
It’s all being done “for our own good”. We must be forced to believe in using less fossil fuels. We must be forced to believe in giving more Billions to the UN for more studies even though that “Science is Settled”. We must be forced to accept higher costs for food and energy so we will consume less and produce less waste. What about those who literally die because they can’t afford it? What about the hypocrisy of saying “Trust Us?” When there ARE Scientists watching and saying LOOK AT THE FACTS.
UK HadCRUT, US NASA GISS, US NCDC, AustraliaMet ALL Altered Their Temperature Data Records to Make Warming – See Graphs Here
Written by Paul Litely at Paullitely.com
These tweets link to a site that clearly shows with
GRAPHS OF THE CHANGES MADE
how temperature records were and are manipulated all over the world. The early half of the 1900’s were made to look colder while the last half of the 1900’s are made to look warmer, right into the 2000’s. Peaks of warming in the past were clipped off. Troughs of cooling were also clipped off, all to create a warming trend, to suppress the effects of ocean El Ninos and La Mina’s, and to enable new “Record” High temperatures today. So now we can see how claims are made today that new record warm temperatures are happening…. when they are not. We can also see how the long straight handle of the “Hockeystick” IPCC graphs are made from past S curves. Their models cannot even predict the PAST. Who can you trust if they change the actual Raw measurements in an obvious slant to match their story?
Click on the links below to see how nearly all “Authorities” on temperature records have tilted or clipped their records to make warming that does not exist. Their patterns are obviously self-serving.
One justification given for making “Homogenizing” adjustments is because some thermometers used started out in open areas, but paving and buildings were added nearby. They call this the “heat island” effect, because replacing soil and greenery with Manmade structures adds heat. However, this would only justify LOWERING recent measurements to compensate. What we observe is lowering earlier measurements and raising recent measurements. That is opposite of the “Heat Island”effect, so is plainly arbitrary change to support their Global Warming agenda. Notably, there has been such scrutiny of recent measurements that this “Fudging” no longer can be done.
For current articles with more proof of misrepresentations of the raw measurements, go to my Twitter @paullitely to see more. A common technique today is to omit measurements of temperature and Ice and sea level, etc for the most recent years after 2012. Recent years trends have shown dramatic cooling Temperatures, and return of arctic ice to even above average. Severe warm weather weather event tornados and hurricanes have become much less common. This does not support the Global Warming agenda, so recent measurements are being delayed publication as long as possible.
Twitter @paullitely: < US NCDC May2008-Sep2014 temperature records altered showing more #CO2 #globalwarming #climatechange
GRAPH OF CHANGES MADEhttp://www.climate4you.com/images/NCDC%20MaturityDiagramSince20080517.gif
Twitter @paullitely: http://www.climate4you.com/images/HadCRUT3+4%20MaturityDiagramSince20080225.gif EastAnglia HadCRUT FEB2008-AUG2014 #temperaturedata record altered showing more #CO2 #globalwarming #climatechange
GRAPH OF CHANGES MADE
Twitter @paullitely: http://www.climate4you.com/images/GISS%20MaturityDiagramSince20080517.gif NASA GoddardInSpaceStudies May2008-Sep2014 alters temperature record showing more #CO2 #globalwarming #climatechange
GRAPH OF CHANGES MADE
Twitter @paullitely: http://www.climate4you.com/images/GISS%20ChangeVersion3minus2.gif NASA GoddardInstituteSpaceStudies Nov2011 altered temperature record showing more #CO2 #globalwarming #climatechange
GRAPH OF CHANGES MADE
Twitter @paullitely: http://www.climate4you.com/images/NCDC%20ChangeVersion2-3Diagram201104-201105.gif US NCDC April 2011 altered temperature records showing more #CO2 #globalwarming #climatechange
GRAPH OF CHANGES MADE
Twitter @paullitely: #Australia “Scientists” Caught Red-Handed making up #CO2 #globalwarming trends http://news.heartland.org/newspaper-article/2014/09/19/australian-meteorologists-caught-fudging-numbers
Twitter @paullitely: #Australia again way out front -now- on #deadly #globalcooling Don’t trust Bureau of Meteorology, says Abbott govt http://reneweconomy.com.au/2014/dont-trust-bureau-of-meteorology-says-abbotts-business-advisor-54948
Written by Paul Litely at Paullitely.com
How in the universe can you connect any weather or climate event to Human Caused CO2 (Carbon Dioxide)? Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide has been increasing for the last 7,000 years, while the Earth’s Average Temperature has been Decreasing for the last 3,000 years, according to Officially Accepted Ice Cores. See Below.
Humans contribute less than 10% of the recent 10% rise in CO2. CO2 is only 1% of the Greenhouse gas concentration in the atmosphere. This means only 1/10th of 1% of Carbon Dioxide can influence the Earth’s Temperature by human activity. So how else can humans affect the weather? Water Vapor is 97% of the greenhouse gas in Earth’s Atmosphere and makes Clouds, rain, and snow with no help from CO2. Vast amounts of heat is absorbed and released as water evaporates and condenses. This is called “Changing Phases”. It is still H2O (Water) as liquid water, a gas vapor, or solid Ice.
The Sun, Carbon Dioxide, Dust, and Water, including the Oceans are agreed to control temperatures on Earth. The discussion is about the strength of each one and how they work together. An important contributor is the “Greenhouse Gas Effect”.
The chart below shows experimental results of measured heat radiation going into and out of the Earth’s atmosphere. Note the area on the top graph labeled “Infrared” this is the radiation that HEATS surfaces that don’t reflect it. Note that CO2 is only connected to a narrow part of the Infrared (heating) spectrum, while Water Vapor connects across most of it. The red part of the graph is the bandwidth of the Sun’s Solar Irradiance (Brightness). The blue part of the graph is the bandwidth of stored invisible heat radiation upward from the Earth’s surface that originally came from day sunshine. The grey parts of the graph are where the various greenhouse gasses absorb and re-radiate energy. Note the “Hole” in the Water Vapor Grey area just under the Blue. This is the only big part of stored surface heat that is NOT absorbed by water vapor or consumed by evaporation of water to make water vapor. This clearly shows that ONLY water vapor is an important greenhouse gas. CO2 is just a tiny one-hump player. This should be enough proof, but there is much much more.
CO2 is such a weak Greenhouse gas that it is insignificant regardless of the amount of Solar Radiation spectrum it interacts with. Water Vapor rules on its own, because it changes state to water or ice, and back from water or ice, with huge Quantum (instant) heat absorption and release.
Water vapor condenses into water when the air saturates (cannot hold any more) at a normal Earth temperatures. On the other hand, CO2 precipitates (freezes) directly to a solid, or sublimates (evaporates) directly to a gas, without passing through a liquid state, and does this at MINUS 109 degrees Farenheit under normal atmospheric temperature and pressure ranges. CO2 NEVER changes state near the Earth’s surface because it never gets to MINUS 109 degrees anywhere there. Water Vapor near the Earth’s Surface (at lower altitude temperature and pressure) changes state into liquid water = clouds. Clouds are a very high efficiency reflector for Solar infrared radiant energy, reflecting 90%, and shading water and land. However clouds don’t block all radiation, they let non-heating ultraviolet radiation through, giving you a sunburn on a Cloudy day.
Water vapor rises because it is lighter than air. When it rises up into the cold upper air, water vapor condenses into clouds, rain, and snow. When this happens, Clouds radiate huge amounts of heat into space from the condensation of water vapor to water, rain, and ice. Global Surface Temperatures decline with increased Cloudiness because of reflecting white tops and shade the Earth’s surface from the Sun’s warmth. Clouds radiate heat when they form, and they transport vast amounts of heat from the surface to clouds and into space.
Here is the recent relationship between Cloud Cover (Green) and Earth’s Surface Temperature (Blue). It makes sense, doesn’t it? More clouds = cooling. We have all felt the effects.
Huge amounts of Solar radiant energy are needed every day to keep this negative feedback from going to cold. Compare the graph of recent Global Cloudiness below with the next graph of recent Global Temperature. Flip it over, and see if it fits the temperature graph better than the graph of CO2. No contest.
Does the Graph of Cloud Cover explain Global Temperature better than CO2?
Global Temperatures move opposite to Global Cloud Cover. Clouds are condensation from Water Vapor. Clouds release heat into space when they form. Water vapor gets this heat by evaporation, cooling the Earth’s surface. Clouds are 90% efficient at reflecting the sun’s heating radiation into space. CO2 is an orphan. CO2 has no significant role. Water Vapor is not controlled by CO2. Global Water Vapor has stayed almost constant recently, except it has declined at higher altitudes. (See graph below) Higher altitudes are where CO2 Global Warming theory said Water Vapor would increase to do more Greenhouse warming because heat from CO2 put it there. That is the most basic Global Warming assumption. It is clearly not happening. Neither is the predicted warming.
It is apparent that the increased Cloud Cover does not dent the amount of Water Vapor in the atmosphere at lower altitudes (Bottom two lines). This makes sense, because the air has to be saturated with 100% humidity for clouds to form. It cannot get higher than 100%. Any added moisture in the air just drops out as clouds, rain, or snow. Clouds occur almost exclusively at lower altitudes, when the air cannot hold any more water vapor. The excess becomes clouds and rain and ice. The Greenhouse effect of Water Vapor is therefore fairly constant now, on average. The only variable here is the amount of water vapor making clouds. Surface temperatures are controlled by the extent of Cloud Cover, since the Sun’s “Irradiance” is very constant, and only varies by less than 1/4%. Clouds form when the sun heats the Earth’s surfaces. When Cloud Cover is widespread, the Sun’s Energy is reflected back into space. When Cloud Cover is sparce, the land and seas can absorb the Sun’s Energy and the Earth warms. Clouds act as “Venetian Blinds” to block or allow the Sun’s Energy through to heat land and sea. Here is a graph showing that relationship between Solar Energy being sent back into space (Red Line) and the Earth’s Global Temperature (Blue Line). They are opposites.
It seems the prime driver of Global Temperatures is clearly Cloud Cover.
There is now strong evidence that the Sun controls Cloud Cover indirectly by controlling the amount of Cosmic Rays that reach the Earth to make clouds. Here is a graph of that very striking inverse (opposite) relationship of Solar Activity as measured by sunspots (Blue), and cosmic rays. (Red).
It has been shown experimentally in Cloud Chambers, that high energy protons and neutrons that ARE Cosmic Rays, will make cloud formation easier. So, It appears that the Sunspot cycles contribute strongly to the Earth’s global temperature cycles by this indirect method. More sunspots, less Cosmic Rays and less clouds to block the Sun from warming the Earth’s surfaces. Less Sunspots, and more Cosmic Rays get through to make clouds form easier, making shade and reflecting the Sun’s energy back into space, cooling the Earth’s surfaces. So THAT is how the Sun indirectly, but strongly, controls the Earth’s Global Temperature. Here is how it works according to one of the discoverers, Professor Henrik Svensmark.
There is other strong evidence that the Sun’s Activity, as evidenced by Sunspots, controls the Earth’s Global Temperature. During two periods in the last 400 years the sun’s activity went down for several 11-year cycles, resulting in periods of deadly cold for the Earth and Humans. The “Maunder Minimum” lasted for about 60 years with almost no sunspots, a time known as the “Little Ice Age”. Another dip in the Sun’s activity occurred about 200 years ago, known as the “Dalton Minimum”. Although not as long or deep, it, too resulted in thousands of people dying of freezing cold or starvation from not being able to grow crops because of very long winters. One year of low solar activity had no summer at all. In recent times, since about the year 1900, we have had high numbers of Sunspots, and that has resulted in the “Modern Maximum”, where winters are reasonably short and summers long enough to grow food, with some uncomfortably warm periods in the 1890’s and 1930’s, much warmer than today. Note: The hot 1930’s are being denied and covered up by official record keepers (see my blog with detailed graphs). Worldwide Temperature records have been manipulated to lower the temperatures shown in the first half of the 1900s and to raise the temperatures shown since then up to today. See detailed graphs in the Blog entry beginning with HadCRUT. Here is a graph of the Solar Activity sunspot cycles going back 400 years. See the notations for the deadly little ice ages and the recent modern warm period where we have thrived.
The Last two Sunspot cycles before today are numbered #23 and #24. They have peaks that are lower than the preceding peaks by 30% each time. The current Sunspot peak #24 is a “Double Hump”. This same formation happened at the beginning of the long cold Maunder Minimum with almost no sunspots that lasted for 60 years of very cold temperatures on Earth. There is a strong possibility we are headed there again right now. If so, we are not looking at a “Globalwarming” future, but instead, an extended “Globalcooling” period that will be deadly, as it was each of the last times. Here is a graph of the declining Sunspot cycles we ere in.
We are now at the right hand edge of the roller coaster ride, headed for the bottom again. We don’t know if there is a Cycle #25 hump coming, or how big it may be. What we do know is that these low solar activity cycles come around about every 200 years as the Sun’s magnetic poles get “Stuck” in neutral when trying to switch places. This is happening now, right on time, and the Sun has not finished flipping poles as of 2014. In 5 years, it could get stuck trying to flip back. It surely looks to many, many of us like deadly cold weather is ahead for some time, as in the past mini ice ages. Evidence of Global Cooling is all around us. More and more polar ice, Colder and longer Winters, Record low temperatures, even in the Summer. The Modern Little Ice Age may last for 20 years or it may go on for 60 years as it did in the 1600’s. Each new Solar Cycle peak or trough takes 11 years from the last one. The cold caused by lower and lower peaks at Sunspot Cycle #23 and #24 are still unfolding. it can take 11 years for the Earth to change temperature direction and follow the sun This current period of low Solar Activity is called the Landscheidt Grand Minimum, for Theodor Landscheidt, who predicted it back in 1989. He used it to accurately predict global weather. Here is an article on that by Landscheidt himself:
What is worrying some scientists, and me, is what if the amount of Cosmic Rays heading for Earth increase so they are too much even for the Sun to block? The Sun’s solar winds and magnetic fields can only divert just so much of the incoming cosmic rays. Very intense cosmic ray exposure may overcome the Sun’s protection completely. It appears that this is what happens to make deep 100,000 Year ice ages on Earth. Here is a graph of the history going back 420,000 Years. Note the long deep ice ages, and the short warm peaks. We are right now just a speck on the right side of the red box on a warm peak, ready to fall back down into a deep ice age.
Here is a magnification of that red box, showing that we are at the end of it. If we fall off that cliff, the little ice ages we are discussing here will be insignificant. Sheer survival of species, including humans, will be at great risk. The cost of simply keeping warm and finding/making food will be staggering, and societies will be shredded.
An explanation for the great ice ages seems to be as follows, based on astronomy observations. The solar system “Bobs” up and down through the plane of our Galaxy, the “Milky Way”. Right now, we are in the plane of the disc. Because we cannot see very far through the thick middle layer, we are protected from most of the Cosmic rays coming from the other stars in the Milky Way and the supermassive black hole at its center. Our exposure is blocked by nearby stars and gas clouds. This protection only lasts for about 13,000 years, Then the Solar System moves out to clear space where cosmic rays from most of the Milky Way Galaxy can reach us unobstructed.
We seem to be moving out of safety and into the dense stream of cosmic rays that are so strong that our Sun cannot block them. As that happens, the Earth will rapidly cloud over and cool, making the next Ice Age. Ice Ages last about 100,000 years. This effect compounds the Sun’s current inactivity. The little ice age may just tip over right into the next grand ice age for 100,000 years. As a result, we may see a very, very rapid descent into dense cloud cover and even more intense, deadly cold. The Landsheidt Minimum little ice age we are in now will most likely reach the coldest by 2025, and it could stay there for decades as it did in the Maunder Minimum. OR, the sun may come unstuck from it’s state of no magnetic poles and help us warm up first. We are already on the way down the roller coaster ramp. There is a delay of the effect of the sun’s cycles and the Earth’s cooling of approximately one solar cycle. Heating took time. Cooling takes time. Two colder cycles have just occurred. We have not seen the full effects of the past two lower solar cycles. We will not see the full effects for another 11 to 20 years. The recovery of the Sun, after it finishes flipping North and South magnetic poles, may shield us for a while longer, but it seems it will eventually be overpowered by intense cosmic rays. Here is an artists representation of the “Bobbing” of the Earth and Solar System through the plane of the Milky Way.
There is a video on YouTube that goes with this image, but before going there, here is an interesting video on the proposition that we are in a very small galaxy that is colliding with the Milky Way Galaxy, and that could explain the “Bobbing” as we rotate in our own “Saggitarian Galaxy” that is colliding with an arm of the Milky Way galaxy. Seeing this shows the “Bobbing” in s different way.
It is deadly cold we should be preparing for, not a future of uncomfortable warmth whose benefit would be the ability to grow food further towards the Earth’s Poles.
In the meantime, the Atmosphere is getting richer in CO2, and that is plant food. Canadians direct the exhaust from their propane heaters into their greehouses to increase the CO2 and double plant growth. Ironically, today’s rising CO2 levels will actually make it easier to grow food during the upcoming deadly cold with very short summers. CO2 is not a poison, or we would not put it into our soft drinks and carbonated water.
Submarines and the International. Space station keep CO2 levels as high as 4,000 parts par million, or 10 times our atmospheric CO2. Our breath can be as high as 40,000ppm when we exhale. CO2 is not the Devil. It is a green plant’s best friend along with water and sunlight.
I am looking forward to seeing COMPLETE scientific explanations of any connection of the Earths global temperatures with Man Made CO2, WITH PROOF! The grand experiment of looking for it in nature has failed so miserably that the promoters of the story have to alter raw historic records and MAKE warming to keep their cushy salaries and grants totaling about $1Billion per day worldwide. We get NOTHING for it. The truth is we get inconveniences and more expensive basics.. Food, energy, and shelter, to the poorest suffer the most. Please continue to refer to their position as what it is: CO2 Globalwarming. That is their claim. Have them stew in it. Avoid using the term ClimateChange, because we now need that term for the inescapable little ice age we have entered. We really could use some Globalwarming after all, but I would not not count on it, from what I can see.
For more on this subject, see the blog at http://Paullitely.wordpress.com , and the website http://inconveniencetruth.com. The Great Global Warming promoters are getting louder every day. They have to protect their position and credibility. Let’s look at what is undeniably real. Look at the actual average surface temperature graph for the last 100 years, above, as published by the Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research and University of East Anglia’s Climatic Research Unit. That same University is where the IPCC started its research, and developed its CO2 increase = Global Warming Theory. The Earth’s Surface Temperature measurements and Air Temperature measurements are Flat since 2003, and are clearly starting to turn down. There are other charts from East Anglia in conjunction with that show the flattening and turn down. See for yourself: http://inconveniencetruth.com/daily_global_average_temp.htm The only parties that cling to claiming global warming are those who are committed to the PREDICTION that the undeniable rise in CO2 results in a dramatic rise in Earth’s temperature. It JUST IS NOT HAPPENING!
Temperatures have leveled off, so the Global Warming promoters have redirected attention to melting ice. Ice was melting, but it is slowing down, and has been increasing in the Southern Hemisphere. Southern Hemisphere (Antarctica) ice sheets are thickening to the extent that the weight of ice shelves is causing them to break off and glaciers are speeding up under the weight. The Global Warming promoters say this is because they are melting instead. Antarctic ice is the thickest in recorded history. Cyclical Global cooling always starts in the Southern Hemisphere because of the larger extent of ocean surfaces there. This time is no different. Antarctic temperatures have been constantly low, and Arctic temperatures have now turned downward, as shown in the 37 month moving average Arctic and Antarctic chart Then it moves to the North. The year 2012 was the peak of North Arctic ice retreat, and 2013 was the beginning of a rapid return of the ice. Keep watching for some media coverage. Some arctic ice extent charts are missing the year 2013, because It is not consistent with the story we are being told. There are graphs for those too, at http://inconveniencetruth.com/arctic_sea_ice_extent_increa.htm .
The weather is a matter of factual observation. The IPCC predictions from 34 separate models do not match the facts. The predictions can only be continued until the trend is obviously different. The Global Warming interpretation of Climate Change was challenged by the real data starting 2003. Some temperature charts stop in the year 2000. The graphs after that are not consistent with the story we are being told. The most recent charts from the IPCC start in 1998, so that they can show SOME temperature increase during the years they show. If they start in 2003, there is no increase in temperature, and a decline starts after 2012. The IPCC CO2 Global Warming model is being challenged dramatically, as the actual measurements continue. Temperatures are already turning down. Temperatures have leveled off, so the Global Warming promoters have redirected attention to violent weather events. Increasing Storm intensity is not being caused by steadily rising temperatures. Instead, it is being caused by increasing low clouds, causing increased temperature differentials between adjacent geographical areas, especially over the oceans, and between high and low latitudes. It is the cooling next to the prior established heat that is responsible. This is a classic and long recognized weather model that is only being reinforced by today’s weather. (See The Great Global Warming Swindle Video at paullitely.wordpress.com).
All this actual weather IS clearly consistent with cyclical climate history and models and NOT consistent at all with the steady rapid CO2 increase of recent times that the IPCC says will cause Global Warming with no end in sight. We are being prepared for radical heat instead of the radical cold that is already on the way. This is a huge disservice to humanity by its leaders and politicians, and even worse, by Politically motivated self-serving scientists. We expect to be betrayed by leaders and politicians. We expect scientists to be true to science instead of politicians and leaders. We continue to be betrayed. We are being made fools of. Unfortunately, the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has deep pockets and shallow morals. They bought, and continue to buy the cooperation of scientists in manipulating world politics and economics.
Hopefully, there are enough ethical scientists to restore our faith in Science itself, and they will start to shout as loud as the unethical ones. The real weather cannot be denied. The IPCC model for CO2 controlled climate is being denied by the weather itself. It will not stand. The next two years and beyond will demonstrate global cooling that is accelerating, and deepening towards an alarming crisis much worse than the Global Warming predictions. There will not be flooding. There will be starvation. See http://inconveniencetruth.com for more sites with revealing charts, graphs and information. See http://Paullitely.wordpress.com for a more complete explanation of what is really controlling the Earth’s temperature changes, and what to expect.
We need a new climate prediction model because this one that says CO2 dominates is not working. The truth is that Austrailia is repealing the carbon tax. They have become objective about Climate Science and the costs of futile attempts to control the weather. It is not us. Temperature measurements are being manipulated by not using raw measurements. Satellite measurements cannot be manipulated, and they show the Earth Cooling since 2003. It is not CO2 controlling the Earths temperature or weather 97% of greenhouse gas effects are from Water Vapor, not CO2. We only contribute less than a percent of the Earth’s CO2. It is not making a difference. Water Vapor makes for Global Warming. Water Vapor turns into clouds when Cosmic Rays hits it. Clouds are the #1 Cooling effect as they reflect the Sun’s Energy. We are now getting colder. PLEASE don’t let our Democrats be caught out on the wrong side of this issue.
The last fifteen years have had the hottest summers on record. The last fifteen years have had the coldest winters on record. What does this mean? The next two years will be very cold and it will be obvious we need a new forecasting model. It cannot be dominated by CO2. We cannot control the weather as humans. Objective scientists do not believe CO2 controls The Earth’s temperature or weather. Please be objective. Look at the other side of the arguments. Now, this is not political… watch or listen to the Heartland 9th International Conference on Climate Change that just ended in Las Vegas. Their speeches are online to listen to. There you will hear the objective science. 9029 Scientists signed a petition at petitionproject.com encouraging you to not commit us to heating because what we must responsibly do for the future is prepare for colder and colder and colder weather.
Look, Listen, and see the facts for yourself. Keep looking at the FACTS, the real measurements, to confirm ANY beliefs you may hold. Having an open mind to predictions other than Global Warming may be critical to your future and the future of large numbers of the world’s population. Early recognition of being fooled will enable early preparation for what is really coming our way. It is politically incorrect to be early and opposite. What is more important? Politics or reality?